Hysteroscopy is a common procedure used in gynecology and one that many patients will undergo. During hysteroscopy, a thin tube carrying a camera and light is placed through the cervix into the uterus to visualize the uterine cavity. Since the natural cervical opening is used, no incisions or cuts are needed. This makes hysteroscopy a quick procedure with a fast recovery.
Hysteroscopy can be used for diagnoses and treatment. In a diagnostic hysteroscopy, the uterine cavity can be evaluated for abnormal findings including fibroids, polyps, or adhesions that may be causing symptom such as abnormal bleeding or infertility. If abnormal pathology is discovered during hysteroscopy, such as a fibroid, it can be treated during the procedure. This is done by cutting the tissue into small pieces and removing it through the hysteroscope.
For certain conditions, hysteroscopy is an excellent alternative to more traditional surgical techniques. Because hysteroscopy is minimally invasive, it can be performed as an outpatient procedure with minimal use of anesthesia. This allows patients to return to normal activities within a few days after the procedure.