Ovarian cysts are benign growths that can develop on the ovaries. With each menstrual cycle, the ovary produces a cyst that ruptures and releases an egg. These cysts are harmless and do not require any treatment. However, some cysts may become abnormally large and cause discomfort.
Symptoms of ovarian cysts include pain, pelvic pressure, bloating, or nausea. In some cases, a cyst may rupture or twist, leading to sudden and severe pain. If your gynecologist suspects a cyst based on the symptoms or clinical findings, they will likely order an ultrasound, which is the best way to visualize ovarian cysts.
Not all ovarian cysts require treatment. If they are small and do not cause any symptoms, monitoring the cyst with serial ultrasounds is a common approach. If the cyst is large, has suspicious findings, or is causing discomfort; minimally invasive surgery to remove the cyst is likely needed.