Signs of Uterine Fibroids

Periods are never fun, but some can be worse than others. Menstruation, even regular cycles, can be unpredictable — heavy bleeding, sharp cramps, and an elongated duration are just a few of the varying characteristics each month has in store. So how do you know when it’s just “one of those months” or something else, such as uterine fibroids.

Dr. Khashayar Shakiba at Women’s Pelvic Surgery of North Jersey recommends seeking medical attention whenever you notice significant changes in your menstrual cycle, especially if they’re accompanied by additional symptoms that may indicate fibroids. 

Although uterine fibroids are benign growths, it doesn’t mean they’re harmless. They range in size from a seed to a melon and can wreak havoc in your uterus and to your life. Here’s what to look for.

Recognizing the signs of uterine fibroids

A couple of classic fibroid symptoms — heavy periods, back pain, and achy legs — are also occasional symptoms of normal menstruation. The difference is the severity, frequency, and longevity of these symptoms, as well as the other accompanying issues that come with fibroids, such as:

Although fibroids aren’t life-threatening, they can make your life miserable. Many women with fibroids are able to treat mild symptoms as they come, but it’s time to make an appointment with Dr. Shakiba when:

There’s no reason to suffer from these extreme symptoms when treatments are available.

The causes of uterine fibroids

The exact cause of uterine fibroids eludes the medical community, but there are a few well-accepted theories, which include:

Hormonal activity

Estrogen and progesterone help develop the uterine lining, and a closer look at fibroid tissue reveals a higher concentration of these two hormones than in normal uterine tissue. Therefore, some believe that higher levels may contribute to the growth of fibroids.

Further evidence of hormones’ role in fibroid development is that they tend to grow during times of elevated estrogen levels, as in pregnancy, and disappear when estrogen plummets, as in menopause.


If your female relatives have fibroids, you’re more likely to get them, too. Within the last decade, studies have discovered a direct link between genetics and fibroids. In fact, about 40% of uterine fibroids contain abnormal chromosomes. 

Uterine fibroid treatments

Mild uterine fibroids may need no treatment. In fact, some fibroids cause no symptoms at all. In this case, Dr. Shakiba simply monitors their growth.

If necessary, Dr. Shakiba prescribes medication that temporarily blocks your production of progesterone and estrogen to shrink your fibroids. 

If you still have problematic fibroids after six months of the medication, it’s time to discuss different treatments, because you may be at risk for bone loss if you take the hormone blocker for too long.

Depending on the size and location of your fibroids, Dr. Shakiba may be able to surgically remove them in a procedure called myomectomy. This is a minimally invasive approach that preserves the integrity of your uterus and your fertility.

In extreme cases, hysterectomy, removal of the uterus, may be necessary. The only way to know for sure which treatment is best for you is to schedule a consultation with Dr. Shakiba. You can rely on his experience and skill to help you navigate your treatment options. 

To schedule an appointment, call us at 201-279-5787, or request one online today, and put an end to your uterine fibroid symptoms. 

You Might Also Enjoy...

The Different Types of Incontinence

There are self-help books for those who lose control of their temper, their dog, or their kids, but if you lose control of your urine, you need medical help. There are five types of urinary incontinence, and there’s quick and easy help for each.

Reasons Why Your Pelvic Floor Is So Important

You know your pelvic region is “down there” somewhere, but what does it include, and what does it do? More importantly, what can go wrong? Keep reading to find out all you need to know about the base of your pelvis.

When to Consider a Hysterectomy

If you’re dealing with chronic pain, excessive bleeding, or a serious disease, it may be best to remove the problem surgically. If the issue is in your uterus, a hysterectomy may be in order. Here are the most common reasons for the procedure.

5 Signs of Interstitial Cystitis

Pain is always a sign that something’s wrong, but when it occurs in your pelvic region, it can be hard to nail down the source. Interstitial cystitis could be the culprit — here are a few of the telltale signs.

Do Ovarian Cysts Require Surgery?

General and nondescript symptoms like bloating and an overall pelvic “heaviness” may have you baffled, but to experts, they indicate an ovarian cyst. Find out if you have one, and if so, whether yours is likely to disappear or if you need surgery.

4 Common Types of Sexual Dysfunction

Sex seems like the simplest, most natural human act, but it’s actually a complex process that involves a series of actions and reactions. Any disruptions along the way — which tend to fall into four categories — can thwart the experience.